The Netherlands fell to the Germans in May 1940 and was not re-entered by Allied forces until September 1944. Nijmegen was a front line town from 17 September 1944 until February 1945. The cemetery, which was created by No. 3 Casualty Clearing Station RAMC during Operation Market Garden, is in a wooded area known as Jonkers Bosch, from which it took its name. Many soldiers buried here died of their wounds during the winter of 1944/45 when the Island, south of Arnhem, was held by units of XXX Corps, and much of the British army was dug in along the Maas river.